silat olahraga

silat seni


Hm... hari nih aku tertarik dengan tajuk silat setelah dah lame aku tinggalkan aktiviti nih selepas tamat persekolahan tapi kini minat aku timbul plak setelah tgk promosi yang sedang giat dijalankan dalam memperkenalkan silat di Malaysia. silat merupakan aktiviti sihat yang sesuai utk semua lapisan masyarakat dan boleh memberikan kepuasan maksimum. mase kat U dulu aku masuk gak team silat nih tapi tak dapat nak bagik komitmen yang sepenuhnya kerana sentiasa busy ngan assignment..hehe yeke..? tapi skang minat aku dah kembali menjelma terhadap silat terutamanya silat olahraga.. semasa aku menyertai silat di bawah Persatuan Silat Gayung Fatani mase tue tue dulu-dulu..hehehe aku dipahamkan terdapat banyak cabang silat dan permainan yang dpt kite ceburi seperti Silat olahraga(sport) yang lebih kepada sukan lasak memerlukan ketahanan mental dan fizikal (yang aku ceburi dulu), silat seni yang lebih banyak menggunakan kaedah kuncian dan startegi dan tempur dan masal yang lebih banyak kepada group atau kumpulan. kat sini aku jumpe sikit sebanyak fakta-fakta tentang silat dan sesuai bagi mereka yang suka akan aktiviti lasak.

encak Silat or Silat ("fighting by using techniques of self-defence") is an Asian martial art with roots in the culture of the Malay World. This art is widely known in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore but can also be found in varying degrees within countries such as Thailand and the Philippines amongst others. It is estimated that there are hundreds of alirans (styles) and thousands of schools. Many of the alirans find their origin in the observation of wild animals fighting. "Harimau" (tiger) and "Elang" (Eagle) are some examples.

There are four main aspects to pencak silat:

1. The "Mental-Spiritual" (mental and spiritual) aspect:

Pencak silat builds and develops the personality and noble character of oneself

2. The "Bela-Diri" (self-defence) aspect:

Self-confidence and perseverance are very important.

3. The "Seni Budaya" (culture, art) aspect:

Culture and performing the "art" of pencak silat is very important. This combines Pencak Silat with traditional music and costumes.

4. The "Olahraga" (sport) aspect:

This means that the physical aspect of pencak silat is important. We try to have a sound mind in a sound body. Competitions are part of this aspect.
There are full-contact (Pertandingan=Competition) fights, as well as form demonstrations, for one (Tunggal), two (Ganda) or team (Regu) persons.

The styles and schools of pencak silat differ from each other with regard to which aspects are emphasised. It is thanks to the sport and self-defence aspects that this sport has become popular in Europe. However, many believe the essence of Pencak Silat is lost, or watered down, when converted to a sport and therefore still focus on traditional or spiritual forms of Silat, not strictly following the PERSILAT way.

Pencak Silat is a system that consists of sikap-sikap (positions) and Gerak-gerak (movements). When pesilat (silat practitioners) are moving (when fighting) these sikap and gerak-gerak change continuously. As soon as one finds an opening in their opponent's defence, they will try to finish the opponent with a fast serangan (attack).

Pencak Silat has a wide variety of defence and attacking techniques. Practitioners may use hands, elbows, arms, legs, knees and feet in attacks. Common techniques include kicking, hitting, tripping, sweeps, locks, takedowns, throws, strangles, and joint breaking.

The pesilat, or silat practitioner, practices with Juru-juru. A Juru is a series of meta-movements for the upper body used as a guide to learn the applications, or buah when done with a partner. The use of Langkah, or lower body meta movements teach the use of footwork. When combined, it is Dasar Pasan, or whole body flow.

Pencak Silat has developed rapidly during the 20th century and has become a competition sport under the PERSILAT rules and regulations. At the moment Pencak Silat is being promoted by PERSILAT in several countries on all five continents. The goal of PERSILAT is to make Pencak Silat an olympic sport. Apart from the official PERSILAT line of making Pencak Silat a competition sport, there are still many traditional styles practising old forms of Silek and Silat.

PERSILAT (Persekutuan Pencak Silat Antarabangsa, the International Pencak Silat Federation) is promoting Pencak Silat as an international competition sport. Only members recognised by PERSILAT are allowed to participate at international competitions.

At the moment some European national Pencak Silat federations together with PERSILAT have founded a European Pencak Silat Federation.

In 1986 the first Pencak Silat World Championship outside of Asia took place in Vienna, Austria.

In 2002 Pencak Silat was introduced as part of the exhibition programme at the Asian Games in Busan Korea for the first time.

The last World Championships 2002 took place in Penang, Malaysia in December 2002.

Bersilat is the word given to the act of doing silat.

List of Silat styles

* Silat USA- aims to educate, promote and share the 'Ways of the Spiritual Warrior' through the training in, and experience of, 'Seni Silat Haqq: Spiritual Martial Arts' & 'Silat Tuo: Martial Arts of Sumatra, Indonesia' Website
* International Silat Federation - "The Silat Martial Arts of Sumatra, Indonesia" Some ISF Silat systems taught include: Silat Tuo (Silek Tuo)-Seni Silat Haqq-Silat Satria Muda-Silat Minang-Harimau Silat-Minangkabau Silat-Kumango Silat ISF Website
* Tapak Suci - Putera Muhammadiyah is a well-known silat aliran. It's spreading over the world especially through Indonesian immigrants in Netherland or through Muhammadiyah branches all over the world. The typical style of Tapak Suci are red uniforms and Islamic way of philosophy. Nowadays, The Perguruan Tapak Suci is one of the biggest perguruan in Indonesia. Tapak Suci Europe Website
* Persatuan pencak silat inti ombak//Inner wave Pencak Silat - Indonesian Pencak Silat base on mataram and madura style teach internal and external aspect of human body by Guru Daniel Prasetya
* Silek Tuo and Silek Harimau - traditional old styles from the Minangkabau tribe in Western Sumatra meaning "Old Silek" and "Tiger Silek"
* Pencak Silat Pertempuran - A silat style composed of Pencak Silat Pamur and Sterlak Silat primarily. Other Indo-Malay silat influences include: Seni Bela Diri Silat Jati Wisesa, and Raja Monyet Silat. It translates to Combat Silat.
* Perguruan Pencak Silat Padjadjaran Nasional - Traditional west-javanese styles are combined in this aliran, the European branche is represented by Eric Bovelander.
* Pencak Silat Gerakan Suci - An evolution of Pencak Silat Mande Muda
* Silat Mubai - Muslim Silat
* Silat Zulfikari - Martial practice of the Qadiri Rifai Tariqa
* Pukulan Bongkot - a Silat style
* Bersilat - Silat from Borneo
* Maphilindo Silat - a Silat style founded by Dan Inosanto to honour his Silat teachers. It is composed of styles from Malaysia (Ma), the Philippines (Phil) and Indonesia (Indo).
* Pukulan Pentjak Silat Serak (or Sera), a system founded by Pak Sera of the Badui tribe and expanded by Mas Roen and Mas Djoet - Victor de Thouars, teaching the traditional Pukulan Sera(R)in the greater Los Angeles area.
* Soempat Silat- Pak Tisari Majoeki, founder, developer of the curved rattan stick, Lineage holder Maha Guru "Pak Vic" de Thouars.
* Bukti Negara Sera, a modern, modified style of Sera designed by Serak lineage holder Pendekar Paul de Thouars. The name Bukti Negara means "gift to a nation," reflecting Pendekar de Thouars' gratitude to the United States for all it has given him. Because there are myriad restrictions on who can study the parent system of Serak, Pendekar de Thouars modified Serak to create Bukti Negara in order to expose an ever increasing audience to the art.
* Kuntao Silat combines Kuntao and Silat, as taught by Willem de Thouars.
* Perisai Diri - An ideal martial art for those who want to learn both a unique and effective system of self-defense. Established since 1955 in Indonesia by Pak Dirdjo.
* Cimande- along with Sera (monkey style) Pamacan (tiger style) and Trumbu (stick fighting) are styles of Pencak Silat founded by Embah Kahir in the late 1700's in West Java. These arts still exist in some villages located on the Cimande river, including the village of Tarik Kolot. Today there are over 300 variations of Cimande.
* Pukulan Cimande Pusaka- A style of Cimande descended from Mas Jut, taught by Pendekar William Sanders. This style includes the original Embah Kahir arts from Tarik Kolot village.
* Seni Gayung Fatani - a Malaysian style originating from the Fatani Province in Southern Thailand. One of the four reputedly largest silat school of Malaysia.
* Gayung Malaysia - One of the four reputedly largest silat school of Malaysia.
* Silat Cekak - A different kind of silat. It is more to defensive-type of silat because it applies 99% defending technique and only 1% attacking technique. This silat do not have any Bunga, Langkah Gerak or Kuda-kuda. The movements or counter-attacks of this silat is quite unpredictable because it doesn't apply Kuda-kuda in its movements. One of the four reputedly largest silat school of Malaysia.
* Silat Lincah - One of the four reputedly largest silat school of Malaysia.
* Silat Teralak Asli - One of the lagest silat in Kelantan.A different kind of silat because its more spesific in 'tapak' to defent the skill and very fast movement to step forward when attacking and defending.Its more to 'terlatah' in counter-attack.Drpd mekY